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The family Picornaviridae comprises small non-enveloped viruses with RNA genomes of 6.7 to 10.1 kb, and contains >30 genera and >75 species. Most of the known picornaviruses infect mammals and birds, but some have also been detected in reptiles, amphibians and fish. Many picornaviruses are important human and veterinary pathogens and may cause diseases of the central nervous system, heart, liver, skin, gastrointestinal tract or upper respiratory tract. Most picornaviruses are transmitted by the faecal-oral or respiratory routes. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the taxonomy of the Picornaviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/picornaviridae.

Original publication

DOI

10.1099/jgv.0.000911

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Gen Virol

Publication Date

10/2017

Volume

98

Pages

2421 - 2422

Keywords

ICTV, Picornaviridae, enterovirus, foot-and-mouth disease virus, poliovirus, rhinovirus, taxonomy, Amphibians, Animals, Birds, Fishes, Humans, Mammals, Picornaviridae, Picornaviridae Infections, Reptiles, Virus Replication