Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a verbal autopsy (VA) expert algorithm (the InterVA model) for diagnosing AIDS mortality against a reference standard from hospital records that include HIV serostatus information in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: Verbal autopsies were conducted for 193 individuals who visited a hospital under surveillance during terminal illness. Decedent admission diagnosis and HIV serostatus information are used to construct two reference standards (AIDS vs. other causes of death and TB/AIDS vs. other causes). The InterVA model is used to interpret the VA interviews; and the sensitivity, specificity and cause-specific mortality fractions are calculated as indicators of the diagnostic accuracy of the InterVA model. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of the InterVA model for diagnosing AIDS are 0.82 (95% CI: 0.74-0.89) and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.64-0.86), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for TB/AIDS are 0.91 (95% CI: 0.85-0.96) and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.63-0.89), respectively. The AIDS-specific mortality fraction estimated by the model is 61.7% (95% CI: 54-69%), which is close to 64.7% (95% CI: 57-72%) in the reference standard. The TB/AIDS mortality fraction estimated by the model is 73.6% (95% CI: 67-80%), compared to 74.1% (95% CI: 68-81%) in the reference standard. CONCLUSION: The InterVA model is an easy to use and cheap alternative to physician review for assessing AIDS mortality in populations without vital registration and medical certification of causes of death. The model seems to perform better when TB and AIDS are combined, but the sample is too small to statistically confirm that.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02484.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Trop Med Int Health

Publication Date

05/2010

Volume

15

Pages

547 - 553

Keywords

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Algorithms, Autopsy, Cause of Death, Data Collection, Developing Countries, Ethiopia, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Population Surveillance, Reference Standards, Sensitivity and Specificity, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult