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Single-cell RNA-seq data allows insight into normal cellular function and various disease states through molecular characterization of gene expression on the single cell level. Dimensionality reduction of such high-dimensional data sets is essential for visualization and analysis, but single-cell RNA-seq data are challenging for classical dimensionality-reduction methods because of the prevalence of dropout events, which lead to zero-inflated data. Here, we develop a dimensionality-reduction method, (Z)ero (I)nflated (F)actor (A)nalysis (ZIFA), which explicitly models the dropout characteristics, and show that it improves modeling accuracy on simulated and biological data sets.

Original publication

DOI

10.1186/s13059-015-0805-z

Type

Journal article

Journal

Genome Biol

Publication Date

02/11/2015

Volume

16

Keywords

Gene Expression Profiling, Models, Statistical, Principal Component Analysis, Sequence Analysis, RNA, Single-Cell Analysis, Software