Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-anti-FITC amplification system, has been developed to detect Pseudomonas pseudomallei antigen in urine. The assay was evaluated in 135 patients with acute melioidosis, 194 hospitalized patients with other disorders, and 40 healthy controls. Antigen was detected in the urine of 123 (91%) patients with melioidosis. Urinary antigen was found in 85 (96%) of 89 patients with septicemic melioidosis, all six patients with P. pseudomallei urinary tract infection, and 32 (80%) of 40 patients with other localized infections. Antigen was not detected in the urine of 40 healthy individuals, but the urine of 16 (8%) of 194 hospitalized patients with diagnoses other than melioidosis gave a positive result. Of the false-positive results, 13 of 16 were associated with bacteriuria > or = 10(4) colony-forming units/ml. At a cutoff titer of 1:10, the sensitivity and specificity of the test were 81% and 96%, respectively. Enzyme immunoassay detection of urinary antigen is a valuable and rapid laboratory test for the early diagnosis of acute melioidosis.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Trop Med Hyg

Publication Date

11/1994

Volume

51

Pages

627 - 633

Keywords

Acute Disease, Animals, Antigens, Bacterial, Bacteremia, Bacteriuria, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, False Positive Reactions, Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate, Humans, Melioidosis, Prospective Studies, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Thailand, Urinary Tract Infections