Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We develop analysis methods for clinical trials with time-to-event outcomes which correct for treatment changes during follow-up, yet are based on comparisons of randomized groups and not of selected groups. A causal model relating observed event times to event times that would have been observed under other treatment scenarios is fitted using the semi-parametric approach of Robins and Tsiatis (avoiding assumptions about the relationship between treatment changes and prognosis). The methods are applied to the Concorde trial of immediate versus deferred zidovudine, to investigate how the results would have differed if no participant randomized to deferred zidovudine had started treatment before reaching ARC or AIDS. We consider issues relating to model choice, non-constant treatment effects and censoring.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Stat Med

Publication Date

15/10/1999

Volume

18

Pages

2617 - 2634

Keywords

Anti-HIV Agents, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Disease Progression, Drug Administration Schedule, HIV Infections, Humans, Models, Statistical, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Research Design, Zidovudine