Partial truncation of the yeast RNA polymerase II carboxyl-terminal domain preferentially reduces expression of glycolytic genes.
Meisels E., Gileadi O., Corden JL.
The largest subunit of RNA polymerase II contains an essential carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD) that consists of highly conserved heptapeptide repeats with the consensus sequence Tyr-Ser-Pro-Thr-Ser-Pro-Ser. Yeast cells with a partially truncated CTD grow slowly, are temperature- and cold-sensitive, and are unable to fully activate transcription of some genes. Screening a yeast wild-type cDNA library by means of comparative hybridization we find that CTD truncation preferentially reduces transcription of genes encoding glycolytic enzymes. Using a newly developed dual reporter assay we demonstrate that sensitivity to CTD truncation is conferred by the glycolytic gene promoters. Expression driven by glycolytic gene promoters is reduced, on average, about 3-fold in strains with the shortest CTD growing on either fermentable or nonfermentable carbon sources. Sensitivity to CTD truncation is particularly acute for the constitutively expressed ENO1 gene, which is reduced 10-fold in a strain with only eight CTD repeats. The sensitivity of constitutive ENO1 expression argues that CTD truncation can cause defects in uninduced as well as induced transcription.