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Few studies have focused on chronic health needs immediately after natural disasters in middle-income countries. This study examines chronic medical needs during the acute phase after the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency triage clinic in Sichuan, China. Information on physical, social, and public health preparedness was collected in predesigned templates. Descriptive and Pearson's χ association analyses were conducted. One hundred and eighty-two evacuees were received at the triage site. Of these, 54% required trauma treatment and 77% of evacuated patients who required care had underlying chronic medical conditions. Tetanus immunizations and the possession of chronic health medication were low, particularly among older patients. Chronic health needs constituted a significant proportion of emergency care during the acute phase in the study population. Effective post-disaster assistance requires attention to demographic and epidemiological population profiles.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32833dba19

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Emerg Med

Publication Date

04/2011

Volume

18

Pages

111 - 114

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Child, Child, Preschool, China, Chronic Disease, Cross-Sectional Studies, Disaster Medicine, Disaster Planning, Disasters, Earthquakes, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Middle Aged, Needs Assessment, Risk Assessment, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Survival Rate, Triage, Young Adult