Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The Contact Heat Evoked Potential Stimulator (CHEPS) rapidly stimulates cutaneous small nerve fibres, and resulting evoked potentials can be recorded from the scalp. We have studied patients with symptoms of sensory neuropathy and controls using CHEPS, and validated the findings using other objective measures of small nerve fibres i.e. the histamine-induced skin flare response and intra-epidermal fibres (IEF), and also quantitative sensory testing (QST), a subjective measure. METHODS: In patients with symptoms of sensory neuropathy (n = 41) and healthy controls (n = 9) we performed clinical examination, QST (monofilament, vibration and thermal perception thresholds), nerve conduction studies, histamine-induced skin flares and CHEPS. Skin punch biopsies were immunostained using standard ABC immunoperoxidase for the nerve marker PGP 9.5 or the heat and capsaicin receptor TRPV1. Immunoreactive IEF were counted per length of tissue section and epidermal thickness recorded. RESULTS: Amplitudes of Adelta evoked potentials (muV) following face, arm or leg stimulation were reduced in patients (e.g. for the leg: mean +/- SEM - controls 11.7 +/- 1.95, patients 3.63 +/- 0.85, p = 0.0032). Patients showed reduced leg skin flare responses, which correlated with Adelta amplitudes (rs = 0.40, p = 0.010). In patient leg skin biopsies, PGP 9.5- and TRPV1-immunoreactive IEF were reduced and correlated with Adelta amplitudes (PGP 9.5, rs = 0.51, p = 0.0006; TRPV1, rs = 0.48, p = 0.0012). CONCLUSION: CHEPS appears a sensitive measure, with abnormalities observed in some symptomatic patients who did not have significant IEF loss and/or QST abnormalities. Some of the latter patients may have early small fibre dysfunction or ion channelopathy. CHEPS provides a clinically practical, non-invasive and objective measure, and can be a useful additional tool for the assessment of sensory small fibre neuropathy. Although further evaluation is required, the technique shows potential clinical utility to differentiate neuropathy from other chronic pain states, and provide a biomarker for analgesic development.

Original publication

DOI

10.1186/1471-2377-7-21

Type

Journal article

Journal

BMC Neurol

Publication Date

03/08/2007

Volume

7

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Biopsy, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory, Female, Histamine, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nerve Fibers, Peripheral Nervous System Diseases, Reaction Time, Sensory Thresholds, Skin, Statistics, Nonparametric, TRPV Cation Channels, Ubiquitin Thiolesterase