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BACKGROUND: E-selectin is an endothelial cell specific adhesion molecule that is believed to play an important role in the early stages of leukocyte extravasation. OBJECTIVES: Here we describe the construction and evaluation of an engineered human monoclonal antibody that blocks E-selectin function. RESULTS: SPLAT-1 is an engineered human monoclonal antibody that has a very similar affinity for E-selectin as its murine parent antibody. In vitro SPLAT-1 blocks the binding of human leukocytes to E-selectin and does not mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) or complement-mediated lysis of endothelial cells. In vivo, SPLAT-1 inhibits the recruitment of leukocytes to cytokine-inflamed human skin grafted on to SCID mice and has a long circulating half-life in primates. It does not appear to provoke an immune response in primates even on repeat administration. CONCLUSIONS: SPLAT-1 has the characteristics of a antibody suitable for human therapy studies.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Immunotechnology

Publication Date

06/1997

Volume

3

Pages

107 - 116

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, E-Selectin, Female, Half-Life, Humans, Injections, Intravenous, Macaca fascicularis, Male, Mice, Protein Engineering