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Degradation of cytosolic proteins depends largely on the proteasome, and a fraction of the cleavage products are presented as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-bound ligands at the cell surface of antigen presenting cells. Proteolytic pathways accessory to the proteasome contribute to protein turnover, and their up-regulation may complement the proteasome when proteasomal proteolysis is impaired. Here we show that reduced reliance on proteasomal proteolysis allowed a reduced efficiency of MHC class I ligand production, whereas protein turnover and cellular proliferation were maintained. Using the proteasomal inhibitor adamantane-acetyl-(6-aminohexanoyl)3-(leucinyl)3-vinyl-(methyl)-sulphone, we show that covalent inhibition of all three types of proteasomal beta-subunits (beta(1), beta(2), and beta(5)) was compatible with continued growth in cells that up-regulate accessory proteolytic pathways, which include cytosolic proteases as well as deubiquitinating enzymes. However, under these conditions, we observed poor assembly of H-2D(b) molecules and inhibited presentation of endogenous tumor antigens. Thus, the tight link between protein turnover and production of MHC class I ligands can be broken by enforcing the substitution of the proteasome with alternative proteolytic pathways.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M211221200

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

21/03/2003

Volume

278

Pages

10013 - 10021

Keywords

Animals, Antigen Presentation, Cysteine Endopeptidases, Cytosol, H-2 Antigens, Histocompatibility Antigens Class I, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Multienzyme Complexes, Oligopeptides, Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex, Sulfones, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic, Ubiquitin