Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The Siglec family of receptors mediates cell surface interactions through recognition of sialylated glycoconjugates. The crystal structure of the N-terminal immunoglobulin-like domain of the Siglec sialoadhesin (SnD1) in complex with 2,3-sialyllactose has informed the design of sialic acid analogs (sialosides) that bind Siglecs with significantly enhanced affinities and specificities. Binding assays against sialoadhesin (Sn; Siglec-1), CD22 (Siglec-2), and MAG (Siglec-4) show a 10- to 300-fold reduction in IC(50) values (relative to methyl-alpha-Neu5Ac) for three sialosides bearing aromatic group modifications of the glycerol side chain: Me-alpha-9-N-benzoyl-amino-9-deoxy-Neu5Ac (BENZ), Me-alpha-9-N-(naphthyl-2-carbonyl)-amino-9-deoxy-Neu5Ac (NAP), and Me-alpha-9-N-(biphenyl-4-carbonyl)-amino-9-deoxy-Neu5Ac (BIP). Crystal structures of these sialosides in complex with SnD1 suggest explanations for the differences in specificity and affinity, providing further ideas for compound design of physiological and potentially therapeutic relevance.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Structure

Publication Date

05/2003

Volume

11

Pages

557 - 567

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, Crystallography, X-Ray, Lectins, Membrane Glycoproteins, Molecular Sequence Data, N-Acetylneuraminic Acid, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Receptors, Immunologic, Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 1, Sialic Acid Binding Immunoglobulin-like Lectins