Structural basis for SH3 domain-mediated high-affinity binding between Mona/Gads and SLP-76.
Harkiolaki M., Lewitzky M., Gilbert RJC., Jones EY., Bourette RP., Mouchiroud G., Sondermann H., Moarefi I., Feller SM.
SH3 domains are protein recognition modules within many adaptors and enzymes. With more than 500 SH3 domains in the human genome, binding selectivity is a key issue in understanding the molecular basis of SH3 domain interactions. The Grb2-like adaptor protein Mona/Gads associates stably with the T-cell receptor signal transducer SLP-76. The crystal structure of a complex between the C-terminal SH3 domain (SH3C) of Mona/Gads and a SLP-76 peptide has now been solved to 1.7 A. The peptide lacks the canonical SH3 domain binding motif P-x-x-P and does not form a frequently observed poly-proline type II helix. Instead, it adopts a clamp-like shape around the circumfence of the SH3C beta-barrel. The central R-x-x-K motif of the peptide forms a 3(10) helix and inserts into a negatively charged double pocket on the SH3C while several other residues complement binding through hydrophobic interactions, creating a short linear SH3C binding epitope of uniquely high affinity. Interestingly, the SH3C displays ion-dependent dimerization in the crystal and in solution, suggesting a novel mechanism for the regulation of SH3 domain functions.