Photochemical preparation of a pyridone containing tetracycle: a Jak protein kinase inhibitor.
Thompson JE., Cubbon RM., Cummings RT., Wicker LS., Frankshun R., Cunningham BR., Cameron PM., Meinke PT., Liverton N., Weng Y., DeMartino JA.
Jak3 is a protein tyrosine kinase that is associated with the shared gamma chain of receptors for cytokines IL2, IL4, IL7, IL9, and IL13. We have discovered that a pyridone-containing tetracycle (6) may be prepared from trisubstituted imidazole (5) in high yield by irradiation with >350 nm light. Compound 6 inhibits Jak3 with K(I)=5 nM; it also inhibits Jak family members Tyk2 and Jak2 with IC(50)=1 nM and murine Jak1with IC(50)=15 nM. Compound 6 was tested as an inhibitor of 21 other protein kinases; it inhibited these kinases with IC(50)s ranging from 130 nM to >10 microM. Compound 6 also blocks IL2 and IL4 dependent proliferation of CTLL cells and inhibits the phosphorylation of STAT5 (an in vivo substrate of the Jak family) as measured by Western blotting.